Bagaimana Sabah Boleh Hilang Kekayaan nya


Kertas maklumat untuk Ahli-ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri Sabah

Pengenalan

Ada kah ahli-ahli Yang Berhormat menyedari bahawa HAK dan kawalan ke atas Perairan Wilayah Sabah dan Sarawak diambil dari Sabah dan Sarawak pada tahun 1969? Kemudian pada 24 November 2011 HAK dan kawalan ini secara tidak sengaja pulangkan semula kepada Sabah dan Sarawak?

Bagi setiap hari yang kita berlengah dan tidak membuat sebarang keputusan mengenai isu ini, kita membazirkan berjuta-juta ringgit yang boleh digunakan secara produktif dalam usaha-usaha pembangunan negeri terutama dalam memerangi kemiskinan di Sabah.

Sabah Territorial WatersJika semua Yang Berhormat belum sedar atau masih tidak sedar bahawa Sabah kehilangan HAK dan Kawalan ke atas Wilayah lautnya sendiri teruskan membaca untuk makluman lebih lanjut. Sekiranya Yang Berhormat tidak mengambil berat terhadap perkara ini kami ucapkan terima kasih kerana sudi meluangkan masa untuk melihat risalah ini dan berbincang dengan kami.

Enam bulan selepas pengumuman Perdana Menteri bahawa pengisytiharan Darurat dimansuhkan pada 24 November 2011 di bawah Perkara 150 (7) Perlembagaan Malaysia, pemansuhan ini berkuatkuasa. Oleh itu, pada 24 Mei 2012, HAK dan Kawalan Perairan Wilayah Sabah dan Sarawak dipulangkan kepada Kerajaan Sabah dan Sarawak secara tidak sengaja dan oleh kerana Kerajaan Persekutuan bukan lagi pemilik Perairan Wilayah ini.

Bagaimana kita boleh hilang HAK dan Kawalan ini?

Kerajaan Persekutuan mengambil HAK Milik Perairan Wilayah Sabah dan Sarawak dengan menggunakan keadaan Darurat yang diisytiharkan pada 15hb Mei 1969 disebabkan oleh rusuhan pada 13 Mei. Darurat telah diisytiharkan menggunakan Perkara 150 Perlembagaan Malaysia, Parlimen digantung dan hanya bersidang semula pada 20 Februari 1971. Antara 1969 dan 1971 banyak Ordinan dan warta telah dikeluarkan. Di antara undang undang yang dibentuk semasa Darurat ini, terdapat 3 undang-undang yang memindahkan Hak Milik Perairan Wilayah Sabah dan Sarawak kepada Kerajaan Persekutuan tanpa disedari atau mendapat kelulusan Kerajaan Negeri Sabah dan Sarawak pada masa itu:

  1. Emergency (Essential Powers) Ordinance No.7 1969 [P.U.(A) 307A/1969] di luluskan pada 2nd August 1969 dan berkuatkuasa pada 10th August 1969;
  2. The Continental Shelf Act 1966;
  3. The Petroleum Mining Act 1966

Ordinan No.7 1969 menghadkan semua perairan wilayah negeri kepada 3 batu nautika termasuk perairan Sabah dan Sarawak. Dua Akta 1966 telah diluluskan pada tahun tersebut, namun kedua dua Akta ini tidak boleh digunakan diperairan Sabah dan Sarawak tanpa persetujuan Kerajaan Negeri masing-masing. Masalah ini dapat di atasi selepas Darurat diisytiharkan dan 2 Akta ini berkuatkuasa di Sabah dan Sarawak melalui warta PU (A) 467/1969 Ordinan Darurat (Kuasa-Kuasa Perlu) No.10 tahun 1969 bertarikh 8 November, 1969.

Darurat yang diisytiharkan melalui Perkara 150 Perlembagaan Malaysia memberi kuasa mutlak kepada Kabinet Persekutuan. Undang-undang yang telah diwujudkan apabila negara di dalam keadaan Darurat tidak boleh dicabar tidak sah atau ia bercanggah dengan perlembagaan. Undang-undang ini boleh memintas perlindungan dan kaveat yang telah di berikan oleh Perlembagaan Malaysia itu sendiri, Perjanjian Malaysia 1963 dan Lapuran Jawatankuasa Antara Kerajaan (IGC).

Bagaimana kita mendapat kembali HAK Negeri Sabah dan Sarawak?

Hanya selepas pengisytiharan darurat telah diungkaikan (mansuhkan) di bawah Perkara 150 (7) dan selepas enam bulan telah luput, Ordinan, undang-undang, dan semua warta yang di buat didalam keadaan Darurat dimansuhkan.

Oleh itu, segala-galanya kembali kepada normal (tiada Darurat), Sabah dan Sarawak terus menikmati perlindungan Perlembagaan Malaysia, Perlindungan dan kaveat diletakkan oleh Perjanjian Malaysia dan Laporan Jawatankuasa Antara Kerajaan (IGC).

Ini bermakna bahawa Perairan Wilayah Sabah dan Sarawak telah dipulangkan ke tangan Kerajaan Negeri masing-masing. Sekali lagi Perairan Wilayah ini ditadbir dan diuruskan oleh kerajaan negeri masing-masing berdasarkan Ordinan Tanah masing-masing dan North Borneo (Alteration of Boundaries) Order in Council 1954. The Perairan Wilayah Sabah dan Sarawak meliputi keseluruhan Pelantar Benua yang berdekatan.

Setelah mengetahui fakta-fakta ini, sudah menjadi tugas dan tanggungjawab setiap Yang Berhormat TIDAK hanya sebagai Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri Sabah tetapi yang paling penting sebagai rakyat Malaysia di Sabah untuk membangkitkan isu-isu HAK Sabah dan HAK Perairan Wilayah Sabah di Dewan yang mulia ini.

Kerajaan Persekutuan mahu mengambil kembali HAK Perairan Wilayah Sabah dan Sarawak sekali lagi

Menyedari kesilapan mereka Kerajaan Persekutuan sekali lagi mahu mengambil alih HAK Perairan Wilayah Sabah dan Sarawak. Pada 18 April 2012 sebelum luput tempoh enam bulan Darurat dimansuhkan, Kerajaan Persekutuan telah membentangkan satu Rang Undang-Undang Wilayah Laut Malaysia 2012. Tujuan utama Rang Undang-undang adalah untuk mematuhi dan memenuhi keperluan UNCLOS, walau bagaimanapun isi dan kandungan rang undang undang ini lebih bertujuan untuk mengambil semula Pemilikan HAK daripada Perairan Wilayah negeri negeri di Malaysia termasuk Sabah dan Sarawak.

Rang Undang-undang telah diluluskan tanpa seorang pun MP dari Sabah dan Sarawak yang membahaskannya. Oleh kerana Malaysia bukan lagi dalam Darurat, Akta yang baru Akta 750 tidak boleh dikuatkuasakan di Sabah dan Sarawak tanpa kelulusan Dewan Undangan Negeri masing masing. Ini kerana Akta 750 melibatkan HAK Tanah dan Tanah adalah bidang kuasa mutlak Negeri Sabah dan Sarawak. Di Malaya, Tanah adalah di bawah bidang kuasa Kanun Tanah Negara yang dikuasai oleh Kerajaan Persekutuan. Sabah dan Sarawak dilindungi oleh Perlembagaan Malaysia, Perjanjian Malaysia 1963, Laporan Jawatankuasa Antara Kerajaan (IGC), Ordinan Tanah Sabah dan Sarawak dan North Borneo (Alteration of Boundaries) Order in Council 1954 & 1958.

Akta 750 oleh itu tidak boleh dikuatkuasakan di Sabah dan Sarawak dan Kerajaan Persekutuan tidak boleh mengambil alih Pemilikan HAK Perairan Wilayah daripada Sabah dan Sarawak dengan sewenang wenangnya. Memenuhi keperluan UNCLOS adalah untuk menentukan sempadan maritim Antarabangsa Malaysia. Ini tiada kaitan langsung dengan mengambil alih HAK Pemilikan Tanah-Tanah dalam sempadan tersebut.

Apa yang patut kita lakukan seterusnya?

Kita semua perlu berwaspada, tegas dan vokal supaya Hak Hak dan Kawalan ke atas Perairan Wilayah tidakk terhakis. Sudah menjadi tanggungjawab setiap Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri Sabah yang diberi kepercayaan oleh rakyat Malaysia di Sabah untuk mewakili mereka menjadi Ahli di Dewan yang mulia ini. Rakyat Malaysia di Sabah ingin tahu, apakah langkah seterusnya yang akan di ambil oleh Kerajaan Negeri Sabah mengenai isu ini? Sekiranya kita berlengah, maka masa terbuang dan berjuta-juta ringgit hilang semasa kita masih ragu-ragu atas tindakan apa seterusnya yang wajib kita tentukan.

Sekian Terima kasih

How Sabah Lost its Wealth


Information paper for Members of the Dewan Undangan Negeri Sabah

Introduction

Does our honorable assembly man realize that the RIGHTS and control over Sabah and Sarawak Territorial Waters was taken from Sabah and Sarawak in 1969? Then in 24th November 2011 these RIGHTS and control was accidentally given back to Sabah and Sarawak?

For every day that we delay in making any decision on this issue, we are wasting millions of ringgit which can be used productively in the state development efforts especially in combating poverty in Sabah.

If you are NOT aware and have not realize these by now that Sabah lost its RIGHTs and Control over its own Territorial Waters then read on. Otherwise thank you for taking time to look at this pamphlets and talking to us.

Sabaah & Saarawak Territorial WaterSix months after the Prime Minister’s announcement the lifting of the proclamation of Emergency on the 24 November 2011 under Article 150 (7) of the Malaysia Constitution, it took effect. Therefore, on the 24 May 2012, the RIGHTS and Control of Sabah and Sarawak over our Territorial Waters go back to Sabah and Sarawak Government, the Federal Government does not own these Territorial Waters anymore.

How did we lost it?

The Federal Government took Ownership of Sabah and Sarawak Territorial Waters using the emergency declared on 15th May 1969. The Emergency was declared using Article 150 of the Malaysia Constitution, Parliament was suspended and only reconvenes on the 20th February 1971. Between 1969 and 1971 a number of Ordinances and gezettes were issued, 3 of these laws transferred the Ownership of Sabah and Sarawak Territorial Waters to the Federal Government without consent:

  1. Emergency (Essential Powers) Ordinance No.7 1969 [P.U.(A) 307A/1969] enacted 2nd August 1969 and came into force 10th August 1969;
  2. The Continental Shelf Act 1966;
  3. The Petroleum Mining Act 1966

Ordinance No.7 1969 limits the State’s territorial waters to 3 nautical miles including Sabah and Sarawak. When it was passed in 1966 cannot be applied in Sabah and Sarawak without the consent of the respective State Government. But The 2 Acts only came into force for Sabah and Sarawak after gazette P.U.(A)467/1969 Emergency (Essential Powers) Ordinance No.10 of 1969 dated 8th November 1969 was issued.

The Emergency Proclaimed using Article 150 gives absolute power to the Federal Cabinet. The laws that were created when the country was in the State of the Emergency cannot be invalidated or it is unconstitutional. These laws circumvent the safeguards and caveats that were emplaced by the Malaysia Agreement 1963 and the Inter-Governmental Committee (IGC) Reports.

How did we got it back?

It was only after the emergency proclamation was lifted under Article 150 (7) and after six months have lapse that these Ordinance, gezettes and laws are annulled.

Therefore, everything goes back to normal, Sabah and Sarawak continues to enjoy the protection of the Malaysia Constitution, the Safeguards and Caveats emplaced by the Malaysia Agreement and the Inter-Governmental Committee (IGC) Reports.

This means that Sabah and Sarawak Territorial Waters is once again in the hands of the respective State Governments. Once again these Territorial Waters is administered and managed by the respective State government based on their respective Land Ordinance and the North Borneo (Alteration of Boundaries) Order in Council 1954. The Territorial Waters of Sabah and Sarawak covers the whole Continental Shelf.

After knowing these facts, it is your duties and responsibilities NOT just as the Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri Sabah but most importantly as Malaysians in Sabah to raise these issues of Sabah RIGHTs and Sabah Territorial Waters in this august house.

The Federal Government wants the Sabah and Sarawak Territorial Waters again

Realizing their mistake the Federal Government wants the Sabah and Sarawak Territorial Waters back. On 18th April 2012 before the six months lapse, the Federal Government tabled a Malaysia Territorial Sea Bill 2012. The main purpose of the Bill was to comply with UNCLOS however the main purpose of the Bill was to take back the Ownership of the Territorial Waters inclusive of Sabah and Sarawak.

The Bill was passed without any of Sabah and Sarawak MPs debating it. Since Malaysia is no more in Emergency, the new Act 750 cannot be simply enforced in Sabah and Sarawak. It concern Land and Land is a State Matter. In Malaya, Land comes under the National Land Code therefore Federal Government have no problem. Sabah and Sarawak is protected by the Constitution, the Malaysia Agreement 1963, the Inter-Governmental Committee Report (IGC), the Sabah and Sarawak Land Ordinance and the North Borneo (Alteration of Boundaries) Order in Council 1954 & 1958.

Act 750 therefore cannot be enforceable in Sabah and Sarawak and the Federal Government cannot simply take over the Ownership of the Sabah and Sarawak Territorial Waters.

Fulfilling UNCLOS is for Malaysia International maritime boundary. This has nothing to do with taking over the Ownership of the Land within the boundary.

What should we do next?

We all must be vigilant, assertive and vocal so that our RIGHTs and the Control over our Territorial Waters are not taken away from us. We owe this to every Malaysian in Sabah who had made your honorable members of this august house. We Malaysians in Sabah need to know, what is the next step that the Sabah State Government will take? Time is wasting and millions of ringgit is lost while we stand idle indecisive.

Thank you

PETRONAS, Putrajaya tiada Hak keatas Perairan Borneo


zainal1Kota Kinabalu: “Kerajaan Negeri Sabah di bawah kepimpinan Datuk Seri Panglima Dr Musa Haji Aman adalah tidak bertanggungjawab dalam mengendalikan isu Minyak” kata Setiausaha Agong Parti Kerjasama Rakyat Sabah (PAKAR) Zainnal Ajamain. Beliau mengulas mengenai tuntutan yang dibuat oleh Pemuda parti-parti komponen Barisan Nasional yang terdiri daripada PBS, PBRS dan UPKO Royalti, merekka menuntut Royalti minyak wajib dinaikkan daripada 5% sekarang kepada 20%. Jelas Beliau Pemuda komponen BN ini keliru dalam isu Minyak Sabah dan berpendapat mereka hanya boleh menuntut peningkatan peratusan, mereka tidak faham bahawa realitinya Kerajaan Sabah dan Sarawak sebenarnya pemilik perairan wilayah yang mengandungi minyak tersebut.

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Sabah dan Sarawak Bebas untuk meninggalkan Persekutuan


zainal4Isu pemisahan tidak dimasukkan dalam laporan IGC kerana “mana-mana Negeri secara sukarela memasuki persekutuan mempunyai hak intrinsik untuk menarik diri” Lord Lansdowne Chairman Inter-Government Committee (IGC)

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Memahami IGC dan Perjanjian Malaysia 1963


zainal1Masih terdapat kekeliruan di kalangan ahli akademik dan penyelidik profesional terutamanya mereka yang berasal dari Malaya ketika membuat kajian terhadap perspektif sejarah dan pembentukan Malaysia.  Ini jelas melibatkan tajuk yang luas dan tidak adil untuk kertas ini dapat menerangkan setiap perkara yang terlibat.  Oleh itu kertas ini akan cuba untuk menerangkan isu-isu asas yang berkaitan dan bertujuan mengurangkan kekeliruan diantara ahli akademik dan penyelidik khususnya yang datang dari Malaya.  Kertas kerja ini di harapkan dapat dijadikan asas perbincangan kepada pembentukan Malaysia.

Untuk memahami pembentukan Malaysia dengan lebih baik, Dokumen British di Akhir Empire, Siri B Jilid 8 – MALAYSIA disunting oleh AJ Stockwell adalah buku yang wajib dibaca untuk setiap penyelidik yang serius.  Selain buku ini laporan, rang undang-undang dan enakmen berikut juga mesti menjadi sebahagian daripada bahan-bahan penyelidikan.

  1. The Cobbold Commission Report 1962
  2. The Inter-Government Committee Report (IGC) 1963
  3. The Malaysia Agreement 1963
  4. The Malaysia Constitution both as a Bill in the Annex A of the Malaysia Agreement 1963 and the original version approved by Parliament.

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Anwar Ibrahim: Collateral Damage in Kajang Gambit


zainal1Quest for power is the driving force of history always has been and always will be.  Those who failed to recognize this principle are not spared in the grand chess game rather they are moved and manipulated by forces they do not understand.  From the perspective of those who dominated the board, it is obviously preferable to have a population of ignorant pawns than it is to have an array of opponents who is capable of mounting an effective resistance.  To this end it has always be in the interest of the ruling class to cultivate the illusion which will obscure the nature of the game.

We see the move into Kajang as one of this game which we shall call the Kajang Gambit – the endgame is obviously the control of Malaysia’s population for political power and it has nothing to do with the people’s welfare or their future.  On each side of this cleavage there exist reasons for the Kajang Gambit.  The unfortunate thing is that in this game it is not a question of two opposing forces facing each other.  There is another force which is invisible but equally potent in this game, a force that can reach deep into the country’s machinery and influence its outcome.  We shall call this force the Northern Faction.

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LIMITATIONS TO SUPREMACY OF MALAYSIA CONSTITUTION


zainal4The effort to deny Sabah and Sarawak rights permeates to all levels especially from those who come from Malaya. Chief Justice of Malaysia Tun Arifin bin Zakaria, in a book launching, “The Constitutional Rights of Sabah and Sarawak” which was written by a Sabah-based lawyer Sukumaran Venugopal of the Sabah Law Association said, “The Cobbold Commission Report which was published on August 1st, 1962 contains the unanimous conclusion that the Federation of Malaysia was in the best interest of Sabah and Sarawak”.

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Breaking the Mind Control in Malaysia, Sarawak Style


Jurucakap GANASThe government especially the BN/UMNO government has been involved in mind control experiments since Malaysia is formed.  Their forays into this activities can be seen from their attempt to distort history, which some are directly imposed upon the ignorant population through the education history curriculum especially in schools.  There are also other ways less obvious that they are doing through “subliminal stimuli” – using any sensory stimuli below individual threshold for conscious perception.  These have been scientifically proven and the techniques used extensively after the First World War especially in the United States and Europe.  For more detail review of these ideas please read Gustav La Bon, Edward Barney and Walter Lippmann.

As the result, these techniques become a tool that the authority in Malaysia has adopted to indoctrinate the population to conform to a certain ideas.  A very good example of this is in the use of subliminal stimuli on the general population to accept that Malaysia was established since 1957.

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Sawarak Defiance the implications for Sabah UMNO


zainal4Who cares when you or me shouted defiance at UMNO, but when a Chief Minister of a State whisper defiance the whole world take notice.  Defiance in the face of nature or such things is just a mere shouting match.  But defiance against the most powerful and long lasting political party such as UMNO in Malaysia now that is for the history books.  Pehin Sri Abdul Taib Mahmud rejection over UMNO and its brand of politics in Sarawak is something not to be trifle with.  To strengthen his defiance he had thrown the Malaysia Agreement 1963 to legitimize his claim.  Taib tough stand exposes Sabah government weaknesses and pathetic effort in defending Sabah “independent” rights as well.  Effectively Taib has drawn a clear dividing line between Sarawak and UMNO in Malaya, but what about UMNO in Sabah? Is Taib leaving his rear wide open?

This is the difference between a novice politician and a seasoned politician who has managed to stay in office for 33 years.  Taib understood to tackle UMNO is not going to be a cheap enterprise; he understood that throwing in the Malaysia Agreement 1963 is actually the catalyst to protect his rear which may independently start a flanking maneuver on UMNO and Malaya.  He understood the sentiments in Sabahans and he is playing it to the hilt.  He need not orchestrate the flanking move because he knows that every tom dick and harry from Sabah will make that move independently.  It is UMNO and Malaya who should be worried and who today is on the retreat; the chaotic situation is greatly helped by the lack of leadership from UMNO Sabah as well as from UMNO in Malaya.

In Sabah, it is not about the UMNO members’ conformity and obedience to the party, this is because UMNO in Sabah forfeited USNO in order to take root.  The foundation for UMNO in Sabah was therefore USNO’s sacrifice.  For which UMNO was not grateful, most USNO members was just left out on the sidewalk to rot.  UMNO and USNO are two contending ideologies; one is consolidation of political power for Sabah the other consolidation of political power for Malaya.  After UMNO took root in Sabah, the founder of USNO and the father of Independence Tun Datuk Mustapha bin Datu Harun were thrown like a dirty old rag by UMNO specifically by the present Ketua Umum of Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) Anwar Ibrahim when he was in UMNO.  This clearly shows that Malaya interest has nothing to do with the welfare or the development of Sabah and it has everything to do with the prosperity of Malaya.  Is it possible for Anwar to deny what he did Tun Mustapha? His only defense is “let’s forget about the past” well I have news for Anwar; in Sabah we have a saying “We shall not forgive nor shall we ever forget”.  Surely Anwar and PKR will be remembered in Sabah not as Sabah’s liberator rather as the destroyer of USNO and the desecration of its leaders.  This same fate is likely to happened in Sarawak given a chance to UMNO to come in.

It is for these very reasons as well that PKR is saying vote BN out but don’t secede and there are ample example of siTanggang both in Sabah and Sarawak – This is “penderhakaan terhadap ibu pertiwi”.

UMNO in Sabah is slowly being isolated; most leaders of Sabah based component parties are putting a brave façade, deep inside them they also dislike UMNO high handedness and condescending attitude towards the people in Sabah.  In time UMNO Sabah will be under siege from all sides will its members in Sabah then support UMNO’s stand for racism, religious bigotry, intolerance, hateful and threatening as if Malaysia only belongs to the Malay Supremacist?  Well, let all these siTanggangs mull it over and decide for themselves – after all this is a democratic country.

The bigger question now is whether UMNO wants to retreat from Sabah with dignity or being thrown out of Sabah like some dirty old dirty rag? Whatever is the decision from UMNO Central leadership one thing is certain, with Sarawak Defiance UMNO in Sabah has also overstayed its welcome.

Zainnal Ajamain

Zainnal Ajamain is an economist by profession, graduating with a Masters degree from the University of East Anglia. He has held several high ranking civil service positions in government and government think tanks and has worked as a university lecturer, senior researcher, stockbroker, and economist and published several papers in international media journals. He was the co-author behind the Sabah Government’s vision for development and progress in the Sabah Development Corridor and created the first Offshore Islamic Fund in Labuan. He also held the position of Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems at the University Malaysia Sabah.  He was the Co-Founder of the United Borneo Front (UBF) and a passionate activist to abolish the Cabotage Policy.  He is also the Secretary General of a newly formed political party in Sabah.

Proxy Politics in Malaysia, How it affects Sabah and Sarawak


zainal4If we observe the politics in the United States we see that the same policy is carried out even when different actors sits in the White House.  We are observing the same type of politics being played in Malaysia.  It is not about a two party system, it is not king maker and it is not one country 2 systems.  It is about greed plain and simple and about who is controlling Malaysia’s wealth.  This is true especially when it comes from Malaya policies over Sabah and Sarawak.  How is this then being played out?

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The reason UMNO is Rejected by Sarawakians Part V


In Part III of this series which is continued in Part IV, I mention the following:

Rahman Dahlan Cakap Salah“Given the Kangkung Minister, the Kangkung professors and Kangkung little Napoleons sent to Sabah and Sarawak to find solutions to the impasse – obviously you will get Kangkung results.  No one from Malaya is qualified to resolve the issue in Sabah and Sarawak – including Idris Jala, Wan Junaidi, Anifah Aman, Rahman Dahlan or Shafie Apdal.  As far as the people in Sabah and Sarawak are concern those Sabahans and Sarawakians from Kuala Lumpur are tainted with Malaya disease.  Except for Sarawak, there are no leaders in Sabah who is acceptable as well to the people.”

In Part IV I refute the argument made by a Constitution Expert a former Law Professor from the International Islamic University who claims that Sabah and Sarawak cannot leave Malaysia because of Article 2 of the Malaysia Constitution.  Today I have no choice but to rebut a statement made by the Minister who asserts that talking about seceding from Malaysia is seditious under the Malaysia law and that Sabah and Sarawak cannot secede from Malaysia.  I think all these people just want to best each other as to how ridiculous they can get compared to the other.

As I have explained in Part IV that anyone who wants to talk about the Malaysia Agreement 1963 without showing their own stupidity must at least read the following primer:

  1. The Cobbold Commission Report 1962
  2. The Inter-Government Committee Report (IGC) 1963
  3. The Malaysia Agreement 1963

There are 2 things that everyone must learn from the IGC.  Firstly, the IGC is where 5 political parties from Sabah submitted their memorandum on the 29th August 1962Today this memorandum is commonly known as the 20 points.  Please observe the 20 points is a memorandum and NOT an agreement as asserted by the Minister.  As a memorandum the 20 point document was submitted to the IGC for consideration by the committee members.

The IGC was headed by Lord Lansdowne the British Minister of State for Colonial Affairs.  Its tasks was “to work out the future constitutional arrangements, including safeguards for the special interest of North Borneo and Sarawak to cover such matters as religious freedom, education, representation in the Federal Parliament, the position of the indigenous races, control of immigration, citizenship and the State Constitution” Therefore, the 20 points memorandum was incorporated into the IGC report.  The IGC report has 37 points and NOT just 20 points.

Based on the above, the IGC report is the framework to formulate the Malaysia Agreement 1963.  Please bear in mind that the IGC is NOT the Malaysia Agreement 1963, this is just a report and accepted by the governments.  The IGC has similar function to the Reid Commission which drafted the Constitution for the Federation of Malaya.  The IGC report was accepted and signed on the 27th February 1963 by the United Kingdom, North Borneo, Federation of Malaya and Sarawak

Secondly, the 20 point memorandum submitted by the 5 political parties contain a secession clause which is point No. 7.  In this clause it was specified that there shall be no secession which means that Sabah cannot secede from Malaysia.  However, the issue of secession was not included in the IGC report.  The reason given by Lord Lansdowne was that “any State voluntarily entering a federation had an intrinsic right to secede at will, and that it was therefore unnecessary to include it in the Constitution”.  Basically what it means here is that Sabah and Sarawak is free to form Malaysia, it is also therefore free to leave.

I hope the above explanation is sufficient to clear any confusion about the content and usage of terms pertaining to the Malaysia Agreement 1963.  It is an embarrassment and shameful to see, read and hear Ministers, Professors and ordinary man in the street talking about the formation of Malaysia without them really knowing what the subjects is all about.

There is also nothing seditious to talk about secession, these are real issues based on the IGC, the Malaysia Agreement 1963 and after five decades of forming MalaysiaThese are options available to the people in Sabah and Sarawak to avoid these discussions then all the government need to do is simply fulfill its obligations as per the agreement, to paraphrase Pehin Sri Abdul Taib Mahmud – nothing more, and nothing less.

Zainnal Ajamain

Zainnal Ajamain is an economist by profession, graduating with a Masters degree from the University of East Anglia. He has held several high ranking civil service positions in government and government think tanks and has worked as a university lecturer, senior researcher, stockbroker, and economist and published several papers in international media journals. He was the co-author behind the Sabah Government’s vision for development and progress in the Sabah Development Corridor and created the first Offshore Islamic Fund in Labuan. He also held the position of Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems at the University Malaysia Sabah.  He was the Co-Founder of the United Borneo Front (UBF) and a passionate activist to abolish the Cabotage Policy.  He is also the Secretary General of a newly formed political party in Sabah.

The reason UMNO is Rejected by Sarawakians Part IV


In Part III of this series, I mentioned the following:

“Given the Kangkung Minister, the Kangkung professors and Kangkung little Napoleons sent to Sabah and Sarawak to find solutions to the impasse – obviously you will get Kangkung results.  No one from Malaya is qualified to resolve the issue in Sabah and Sarawak – including Idris Jala, Wan Junaidi, Anifah Aman, Rahman Dahlan or Shafie Apdal.  As far as the people in Sabah and Sarawak are concern those Sabahans and Sarawakians from Kuala Lumpur are tainted with Malaya disease.  Except for Sarawak, there are no leaders in Sabah who is acceptable as well to the people.”

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The reason UMNO is Rejected by Sarawakians Part III


zainal1The majority of Sabahans and Sarawakians that was born in late 80’s and early 90’s are aware of the unwritten history of Sabah and Sarawak.  Thanks to the tireless efforts of mostly faceless and nameless Sabah and Sarawakian nationalist who has been scouring and digging through the historical and colonial archives from Kota Kinabalu and Kucing to London.

I believe these nationalist have complete records of data the formation of Malaysia than all the university history professors in Malaysia combined.  These papers also include secret correspondences, private letters and memoirs written by those who have worked and stayed in Sabah and Sarawak during those periods.  They manage not just to understand the National narratives but also to look at the emotions and conscience of the people at that time.

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The reason UMNO is Rejected by Sarawakians Part II


zainal1Pehin Sri Abdul Taib Mahmud set the “benchmark” to paraphrase Dr Jeffrey Kitingan for the brave stand made by Pehin Sri to reject UMNO from Sarawak and to uphold the Malaysia Agreement 1963.  Within days of the announcement political players, observers and analysts knew a historic moment occurs in the Borneo States which may have wider and deep implications to present and future Sabahans and Sarawakians.  The call reverberates throughout the Borneo States, the Sarawakians now confident of their stand in this matter and the Sabahans now feels there is after all a light at the end of the tunnel.

Apart from Dr Jeffrey Kitingan who asserts that Taib’s parting words has set a benchmark for Sabah leaders as well.  Sarawak clear message to Kuala Lumpur that it is rejecting UMNO from entering Sarawak according to Jeffrey is because UMNO Baru is not the old UMNO of Tunku Abdul Rahman’s days.  The virtues, principles, benevolence of the past leaders do no longer exist in the leadership today.  DAP Tawau ,Sri Tanjung YB Chan Foong Hing says that Sarawak has Sabah to which they can use as an example of UMNO presence.  This according to him has achieve nothing apart from the huge influx of illegal immigrants diluting the local population and be given the derogatory name of fixed-deposit by the Barisan Nasional (BN) leaderships.

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The reason UMNO is Rejected by Sarawakians Part I


zainal1Pehin Sri Abdul Taib Mahmud is stepping down as the Chief Minister of Sarawak after holding the reign for 33 long years, much longer than Mahathir Mohammad as the Prime Minister of Malaysia by more than a decade.  His length as the Chief Minister speaks volume of the politician who stayed in office longer than any other leaders in Malaysia.

In his speech to the Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB) Supreme Council Pehin Sri requires two prerequisites for his coming successor.  Firstly, United Malay National Organisation (UMNO) shall not be allowed to enter Sarawak simply because Pehin Sri acknowledges that there are vast differences between the people in Sarawak and those from Malaya.  Secondly, his successor must maintain the rights of Sarawak when forming Malaysia which is based on “the Malaysia Agreement 1963, nothing more, nothing less”, these two fundamentals turn Malaysia politics on its head and may have a far wider and in-depth consequences.

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The Kajang Gambit: A view from Sabah


By Zainnal Ajamain

zainal1Quest for power is the driving force of history always has been and always will be.  Those who failed to recognize this principle are not spared in the grand chess game rather they are moved and manipulated by forces they do not understand.  From the perspective of those who dominated the board, it is obviously preferable to have a population of ignorant pawns than it is to have an array of opponents who is capable of mounting an effective resistance.  To this end it has always be in the interest of the ruling class to cultivate the illusion which will obscure the nature of the game.

We see the move into Kajang as one of this game, we see the move as the Kajang Gambit – the endgame is obviously the control of Malaysia’s population for political power and it has nothing to do with the people’s welfare or their future.  On each side of this cleavage there exist reasons for the Kajang Gambit.

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Najib is Clueless and providing wrong prescriptions to Malaysia


zainal1Kankung that you can easily pick-up by the roadside specifically along the monsoon drain was used as the comparison to explain the concept of supply and demand clearly reflects the desperation as well as the limited depth of his knowledge about economics.  This begs the question is Najib capable to steer Malaysia from sinking further into the uncertain global economy.  Obviously, he is not the man on the helm.

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Bajet Negeri Sabah 2014: Satu Pandangan


zainal1Respond Bajet Negeri Sabah yang telah di bentangkan oleh YAB Ketua Menteri Sabah bertemakan “MENJAMIN KESINAMBUNGAN KESEJAHTERAAN RAKYAT”.  Namun sejak dari tahun 1976 lagi ekonomi Sabah menurun di sebabkan oleh pengambilan Petroleum dan Gas, perlaksanan dasar Kabotaj oleh Kuala Lumpur, kesejahteraaan rakyat Sabah sudah terjejas ini bererti Bajet Negeri Sabah yang dibentangkan oleh YAB Ketua Menteri ialah khusus untuk “MENJAMIN KESINAMBUNGAN MENJEJAS KESEJAHTERAAN RAKYAT”.  YAB Ketua Menteri cuba untuk mengaburi mata rakyat dengan menggunakan asas sejarah ekonomi negeri Sabah sejak 50 tahun yang lalu.  Namun perbandingan ini tidak menunjukkan kebangaan pencapaian dan prestasi ekonomi negeri Sabah malah perbandingan dibuat melalui pandangan yang cetek dan pemikiran yang tumpul.

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Sabah Economist calls to Musa to stop Fantasizing


zainal1Kota Kinabalu: “Please stop blaming the people in Sabah for the economic malaise, it is not because the people in Sabah do not have “determination”, it is because the weakness of the economic structure that puts people in Sabah in a state of hopelessness” said Sabah economist Zainnal Ajamain responding to the statements made by the Chief Minister of Sabah Datuk Sri Panglima Musa Haji Aman and Datuk Wong Peng Tau, the Chairman of the newly rename Federation of Sabah Industries.

Zainnal said sometimes it is good to fantasies; it is therapeutic in small doses but to do it often however, can become a sickness and can make leaders unable to differentiate between their fantasy and people’s reality.  Using Dubai as a development model is good but the reality may give insult to His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum instead of flattering him.

Firstly, His Highness is the 5th richest man in the World, whatever His Highness wants for the good of the people in Dubai he has the means and he can get it done.  Whereas Musa must get permission from Najib before he can do anything for the good of the people in Sabah.  In addition Musa must know how to beg for development funds from Kuala Lumpur, otherwise Sabah gets nothing.  There is nothing that Musa can do when the Prime Minister’s Department is given more money than Sabah and Sarawak combined;

Secondly, His Highness and his country owns the oil and gas wells, Malaya takes 95% of Sabah oil and gas and none of the wells belong to Sabah.  As the Chief Minister of Sabah, Musa has the locos standi to renegotiate or to take back what is rightfully belongs to Sabah.  Yet he chose not to rock the boat and to “play it safe” at the expense of Sabah’s development;

Thirdly, Dubai is sovereignty, its own its own law without having Kuala Lumpur making unconstitutional laws at the expense of the people in Sabah.  The establishment of the Domestic Shipping Licensing Board and the Cabotage policy serves as a good example.  There is nothing that Musa’s government in Sabah can do about it.  After 10 years being the Chief Minister of Sabah, Musa is running out of excuses for not solving this issue.

Fourthly, It appears taking Sabah’s wealth alone is not satisfying to Kuala Lumpur.  By 2015, Kuala Lumpur is imposing the Government Service Tax (GST) to Sabah and Kuala Lumpur will be squeezing to the last cent the people have.  In paragraph 24 of the Inter Government Committee (IGC) Report, the GST cannot simply be implemented in Sabah and Sarawak without the State’s consent, yet Sabah and Sarawak is silent on this issue.

Realizing all these concerns, is it practical for Sabah to dream of Dubai? Certainly it is a nice form of escapism before facing the realities sub-standard infrastructure and high cost of living.

Zainnal Ajamain

Zainnal Ajamain is an economist by profession, graduating with a Masters degree from the University of East Anglia. He has held several high ranking civil service positions in government and government think tanks and has worked as a university lecturer, senior researcher, stockbroker, economist and published several papers in international media journals. He was the co-author behind the Sabah Government’s vision for development and progress in the Sabah Development Corridor and created the first Offshore Islamic Fund in Labuan. He also held the position of Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems at the University Malaysia Sabah.  He was the Co-Founder of the United Borneo Front (UBF) and a passionate activist to abolish the Cabotage Policy.

Colonising Sabah Part 1


If colonisation means to wipe out or displace the indigenous population of that particular state or place then Sabah is in a very precarious position.  The Spaniards and Portuguese did it in South America and the Native Americans were forced to defend themselves from the stampede of European intrusion.  In North America the Europeans brought with them diseases of both mind and body, the consequence of which the population of the Native Americans nearly disappeared from the face of this earth. The British called their exploitation “expedition”, of course with the intention of colonizing. When the British came to Borneo they were no different to the other colonizers as they manipulated the local population into submission with the pretext of “just” being an advisor to the local leader.  Little did we know then because as soon as we know we were calling them “Tuan”…here in our own home! Yes. We called them TUAN without hesitation. Today we have a new TUAN and in the same breath we call our local leader “Yang Berhormat”…sigh!!

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BERSIH RALLY 2.0 – A CASE OF COMMON SENSE GONE WRONG


I do not understand people’s obsession on taking sides.  They see you either as a BN supporter or with the “other” side and in this case with Bersih!  It’s so childish it reminds me of the days when as a child we must either choose “this” friend or “that” friend to play with because they are not talking to each other!!  As for the current political issue with regard to Bersih, I am not supporting any sides of the political divide.  I am not here to question the “neutrality” of the organizer of the campaign either.  However I do detest when people are encouraged to be out on the streets be it in small group or in a grand scale in the pretext of justice and in this instance “clean and fair election”.  I do support reason and the sense of responsibility though.

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KDM & EDUCATION, and the POVERTY BONDAGE


“My niece had always wanted to become a teacher.  She applied for a teaching course (through the internet) to the Education Department but sadly she was rejected.  She heard about a teacher (course) interview in Kemabong (especially for those applicants with no access to the internet), so I took her there.  There were 800 applicants present and it took the whole day for the interviews to conclude.  Again, my niece was rejected for the position although appeals can be made to the Education Department office in Kota Kinabalu.  I made the appeal on behalf of my niece.  There were already 300 appeals coming all the way from Tawau and Semporna but we have to wait another week before any answers can be given.  I heard a similar story from a friend in Nabawan with 1,200 applicants. ”  lamented a very good friend to me recently.

So why is this happening?  Why do Sabahans have to beg to be teachers in their own home?  Are we not good enough?  Kami ini second class citizen kah?  Why do we depend so much on Malaya to send teachers here to teach our own children?  Why?  Is there a hidden agenda that we Sabahans missed?

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Screw Max, the Huguan Siou Hopeful


Many politicians make an excuse that they must be rich or holding a position of power before they can help others to have a better life.  I believe it is just an excuse to cheat people of their votes.  Once they get what they want i.e. rich and holding a position of power, their standard answer after showing an effort to help their constituents is, “that is all I can do”.  If a person who aspires to be a politician is sincere, and their true desire is to help others, then there is no need for wealth or position of power to start helping.  Assistance comes in many forms, tangible or intangible, big or small.  For a person in need any form of assistance is appreciated.  However, we must never take those in dire straits for granted for they have “the power of the pen”.  They voted you in.  They can also vote you out!!

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DAP’s Hypocrisy and Malaysia’s Ignorance Part I


In politics, there is no such thing as a rulebook. The reality is just that, it is neither harsh nor kind. It is a lesson for anyone who cares to understand and learn. However, those in the comfort zone choose to be ignorant and those who really wants to understand perhaps has limited cognitive capacity to comprehend.

It is just such a shame to have a leader in the like of Lim Kit Siang whom I think has a shallow understanding of the political scene in our beautiful state of Sabah. I believe that by ignoring the realities of politics in Malaysia, we Malaysians will continue to be entrapped as a middle-income country and eventually everyone will lose. Who will gain then?
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Malaysia and BIMP EAGA part 5 of 6


Today the Malaysian economy is again facing many challenges.  Malaya economy has come full circle.  Since the Export Oriented Industrialization strategy was successful, the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) did not put much emphasis in developing BIMP EAGA.  Sabah has always been the less priority state for MITI.

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Malaya Elusive Co-operation part 4 of 6


Continuation of Distortion of History ……

Instead of working together to benefit Malaysia, Malaya wants to take over Sabah – mind and body.  This condescending attitude and colonizing the mind, that Sabahans by implication are unreliable and untrustworthy.  Even the Sabah Malays is only good as peons, only orang Malaya can do it.

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Malay needs Sabah part 3 of 6


Continuation to Distortion of History …..

However, everything good or bad must end.  There is just so many times a retelling of a story sounds good.  After a while echoes becomes an irritant.  The Malay elites cannot demonize the Chinese forever.  They are part of the Malaysian economic system.  Without their presence, Malaysia may still be practicing Barter trade.

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The Elites,Liberals,and Conservatives part 2 of 6


Continuation to Distortion of History ….

Many people have tried to confuse these issues.  They try to make the Malay liberals as the Malay elites – this is wrong.  The Malay elites are mostly those that walk along the corridor of power including those given positions in the GLCs and big business.  The Malay and the Chinese elites work hand and glove.

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The Distorted History Part 1 of 6


The victors write history.  Sabah has never lose any conflict, yet it’s Malaya who is writing Sabah’s history.  It is not because they are our superior; it is because we allowed Malaya to colonize our mind.  Sabahans attitude of accommodation, compromise, and tolerance must stop.  It is time that Sabahans must liberate their minds and stand in Malaysia as peers.

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Sabah and Malaya are Different part 5 of 5


It is ironic, the people in Malaya is moving towards the traditional Sabah thinking of individualism whilst some Sabahans are moving towards the way the people in Malaya traditionally thinks and perceived the world.  However, trying to change the mindset of Sabahans from individualism to conformity in this modern and inter-connected World is a waste of time.
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