Discrimination and Disfranchising Sabah – The Cabotage Policy


Introduction

Overview of the Cabotage Policy

The Cabotage Policy

The Effect of Cabotage Policy to Sabah Economy

Beneficiaries to the Cabotage Policy

Cabotage Policy and the BIMP EAGA

Circumventing the Cabotage Policy

Overview of the Cabotage Policy

A Cabotage Policy was instituted with the idea of protecting the national shipping sector.  Inter alia this policy stress only Malaysian registered ships are allowed loading and offloading of goods in Malaysian ports.  The idea was to make Port Klang as the container hub for Malaysia which was termed as the Malaysian “Load Centre”.

As a “load centre” it means that any containers to and from international destinations must go through the “load centre” before proceeding to its next destination outside the country.  Any containers to and from Port Klang from any Malaysian ports must be carried by Malaysian registered ships.  Amongst all the states in Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak are the only states requiring the services of feeder ships.  The rest of the states in Malaya can either use container trucks or railways to transport their goods.

Prior to 1980, laws on shipping and its licensing were under the purview of Sabah and Sarawak state government .  A move was mooted by the Federal government to integrate all Malaysia maritime laws so that all maritime laws come under the purview of the Ministry of Transport.  As compensation each state was given shares in the Malaysian International Shipping Corporation (MISC), the Federal government GLC.

In Malaysia Maritime policy, one thing is clear that at the National level the priority is to protect the domestic shipping industry.  The main reason for this is National Security.  Decision makers at the centre still held to the belief that in time of wars, the merchant fleet may be used to carry provisions, war materials and troops.  Especially for a country such as Malaysia which is physically divided by the South China Sea.  As such the domestic shipping industry must be protected at all cost.

Since 1980 when the maritime laws of Malaysia was streamlined and integrated but very little of the merchant fleet being develop for war-time purposes.  Malaysian International Shipping Corporation (MISC) governments GLC specifically established for this purpose has ships with very limited cargo handling ability.  Currently, MISC have a total of 109 ships, but 78.8% of their ships are specialized ships only used for the Oil and Gas industries i.e. transporting LNG, petroleum and chemical.  MISC has 19 container carrying ships and only 2 being used to ply between Port Klang and Kota Kinabalu with a carrying capacity of 736 teus each.

Analyzing the statistics of Ship registry in Table 1, from the Marine Department between 2001 – 2007 shows a very interesting picture:

Table 1: Source Marine Department Malaysia

Statistics of Permanent Registered Ships between 2001- 2007
TAHUN PORT KELANG PENANG KUCHING KOTA KINABALU LABUAN
2001 35 4 85 8 13
2002 31 11 92 5 39
2003 51 2 121 0 32
2004 56 7 87 4 23
2005 62 11 72 4 21
2006 54 14 89 7 11
2007 77 21 100 7 12
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About sifusiber
A husband & a father who wants his children to have a better future

8 Responses to Discrimination and Disfranchising Sabah – The Cabotage Policy

  1. Pingback: Response to Messrs Vidal Yudin Weil – legalandprudent.blogspot.com | Knowledge is Empowerment

  2. Pingback: Gaji Minimum Sabah Sarawak: Tindakan Penganak-tirian Kerajaan BN? | Kajian Politik untuk Perubahan (KPRU)

  3. lderple says:

    Saya yakin asalkan semua pihak bersatu, bekerjasama dan mengamalkan nwin-win situation, Sabah pasti akan lebih maju:)

    • sifusiber says:

      Ini lah yang selalu di amalkan oleh orang Malaya keatas Sabah – win-win situation. They win dan di Sabah hanya talibarut mereka saja yang win, rakyat merana. Di minta kita bersatu, ini bukan masalah Sabah, perpaduan masalah Malaya. Mungkin menjadi kenyataan kepada orang Sabah yang mengamalkan ideolgi Malaya. Bilangan mereka terlalu kecil dan kebanyakan mereka adalah talibarut dan dalang.
      Sabah sepatutnya maju sejak USNO lagi, namun kemajuan ini telah oleh pemimpin Malaya dengan dalang dan talibarut mereka di Sabah. Perkara ini perlu diperjelaskan kepada semua rakyat negeri Sabah supaya mereka boleh membuat keputusan sendiri. Knowledge is Empowerment, di perkasakan dengan Ilmu.

  4. analyst06 says:

    Sifu,
    I have just read today’s Daily Express (Tues, 8th June 2010) and what caught my attention was the Gerakan Special Eight-Point 10th Malaysian Proposal for Sabah in a memorendum to the Prime Minister. Most of the points that Gerakan has given to the Prime Minister is actually the points that you have been raising all these years in Seminars, newspapers and blogs (even this blog). It is sad no one acknowledge you and your struggle. This is unfair for Gerakan just to take things for free.

    • sifusiber says:

      simmer down analyst06,

      The whole point in establishing this Blog is to empower the people through spreading of knowledge. This is whole point of our existence. That is why we must always remain faceless and nameless.

      People may speculate, we let them. Speculation is part of reflection, it induce the Brain juices.

      What we write in the Blog is for all to share, what Gerakan has done will be good for Sabah, for that I am content. All of you should be content.

      The government or the opposition may share whatever we have to give, but they must do it for the sake of the people not for their own political influence.

      Please do not forget, there is always the implementation part, they will continue reading our blog because we shall always be watching them.

  5. ikangelama says:

    bersimpati dengan Sabah yang harta dan kekayaan telah dibahagi samarata dengan seluruh negeri-negeri di SM. Masalahnya Sabah mempunyai keluasan geografi yang besar so, segala peruntukan yang disalurkan sukar tersebar ke seluruh kawasan.

    • sifusiber says:

      Terima kasih, sekiranya harta dan kekayaan dibahagi sama rata, orang di Sabah tidak akan bersungut. Namun harta dan kekayaan tidak diberikan sama rata bermulalah sungutan, apabila sungutan tersebut tidak dipedulikan sehingga 27 tahun seperti dasar kabotaj ini, sungutan akan menjadi kemarahan dan ini tidak memberikan faedah kepada sesiapa pun. Terkecuali mereka yang terlibat dalam sektor perkapalan. Mereka mengaut untung yang lebih, sama besarnya dengan subsidi toll lebuhraya. Sekiranya kerajaan sanggup membayar RM50 billion untuk membeli kembali lebuhraya. Kenapa tiada usaha menggunakan wang kurang daripada RM1 billion untuk membeli kapal kontena?
      Ini bukan permintaan yang tinggi atau boleh melemahkan Negara. Namun ia mungkin boleh melemahkan MCA dan sekutunya. Sanggupkah BN membiarkan Sabah untuk menghidupkan MCA?

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