The reason UMNO is Rejected by Sarawakians Part IV

In Part III of this series, I mentioned the following:

“Given the Kangkung Minister, the Kangkung professors and Kangkung little Napoleons sent to Sabah and Sarawak to find solutions to the impasse – obviously you will get Kangkung results.  No one from Malaya is qualified to resolve the issue in Sabah and Sarawak – including Idris Jala, Wan Junaidi, Anifah Aman, Rahman Dahlan or Shafie Apdal.  As far as the people in Sabah and Sarawak are concern those Sabahans and Sarawakians from Kuala Lumpur are tainted with Malaya disease.  Except for Sarawak, there are no leaders in Sabah who is acceptable as well to the people.”

zainal1As expected there were real Kangkung from Malaya who is answering my call.  I shall call them Kangkung because they did not read as much, nor do their homework well and knowing this person from Malaya it is to be expected as well.  Yet they come to a conclusion which to me is no better than a fairy tale to put children to sleep.

The basis of this professor’s argument is Article 2 of the Malaysia Constitution.  Well this Article was never amended ever since it was written into the Constitution which means that this Article was there when Singapore was “expelled” as he claims from Malaysia in 1965.  The same Article 2 is still present today in the Constitution, not amended what-so-ever.  This would have killed his argument right off, but I am a bit sadistic today, so I am not going to let it pass at that.

This professor did not read the following reports, papers and books as primer to the formation of Malaysia.  Perhaps this is the reason his mind is a bit addled and confused.

  1. The Cobbold Commission Report 1962
  2. The Inter-Government Committee Report (IGC) 1963
  3. The Malaysia Agreement 1963

He claimed that he read the Malaysia Constitution – so I leave him at that, I have covered that in the 3rd paragraph above.

The professor should have known that the Cobbold Commission was established to seek the views of the people in Sabah and Sarawak.  The Cobbold Commission met with 4,000 people from Sabah and Sarawak out of a total population of 1.1 million and the Commission received 2,200 memos and letters from the people.  Cobbold Commission was collecting views from the people, which mean these meetings were never a referendum for the people to agree forming the Federation of Malaysia.  In Sarawak alone there were more than 5,000 people demonstrating in the streets objecting to the formation of Malaysia – These are on records complete with official records and pictures.

They completed their work on 1st August 1962 and submitted the report – CMND 1794 to the British and Malayan government.  It was not until the report was demanded by Donald Stephen that that report was made public.  The Cobbold Commission Report was the precursor to the formation of the Inter-Government Committee Report or IGC in short.

The IGC was headed by Lord Lansdowne the British Minister of State for Colonial Affairs.  Its tasks was “to work out the future constitutional arrangements, including safeguards for the special interest of North Borneo and Sarawak to cover such matters as religious freedom, education, representation in the Federal Parliament, the position of the indigenous races, control of immigration, citizenship and the State Constitution”.

There are 2 things that must be considered during the span of the IGC work.  Firstly, this is where 5 political parties from Sabah which submitted their memorandum on the 29th August 1962 to Lord Lansdowne.  Today this memorandum is commonly known as the 20 points.  Secondly, the issue of secession was not included in the IGC report even when it was one of the items included in the 20 points.  The reason given by Lord Lansdowne was that “any State voluntarily entering a federation had an intrinsic right to secede at will, and that it was therefore unnecessary to include it in the Constitution”.  Basically what it means here is that Sabah and Sarawak is free to form Malaysia, it is also free to leave.  Sabah and Sarawak do not need Article 2 to leave, Sabah and Sarawak does not need the approval of each of the states to leave, Sabah and Sarawak does not need the support of the Rulers Council to leave. All Sabah and Sarawak need to do is to pass a resolution in their respective Dewan Undangan Negeri to leave and Sabah and Sarawak will become a sovereign nation.

Therefore when the learned professor says Singapore was expelled, he was dead wrong.  This is further supported by official documents where Singapore have legally left Malaysia on the 7th July 1965, 2 full days before the Singapore Separation Bill was even tabled in the Malaysia Parliament.  This is the reason all PAP members with the exception of MP Bangsar did not attend that Parliament sitting because they were no more in Malaysia and this is also the reason the Bill had three readings and was passed within 4 hours.

If only this professor have done his research well he would have come across the statement made by Lord Lansdowne as well as read the Parliamentary Hansard but then again this professor may not read or understand English – sorry my bad.

It is clear therefore that the ICG was the basis in drafting the Malaysia Agreement 1963.  The IGC alone cannot cover the whole issue of establishing a new Federation.  In time other issues may crop up whereby the need for additional consultations amongst the entities which form Malaysia.  For this purpose it was deemed necessary to include Article 8 in the Malaysia Agreement 1963 which says:

Article VIII

The Governments of the Federation of Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak will take such legislative, executive or other action as may be required to implement the assurances, undertakings and recommendations contained in Chapter 3 of, and Annexes A and B to, the Report of the Inter-Governmental Committee signed on 27th February, 1963, in so far as they are not implemented by express provision of the Constitution of Malaysia.”


This provides for free negotiation amongst peers, however, Malaya have never made any effort to establish this compliance mechanism.

 Zainnal Ajamain

Zainnal Ajamain is an economist by profession, graduating with a Masters degree from the University of East Anglia. He has held several high ranking civil service positions in government and government think tanks and has worked as a university lecturer, senior researcher, stockbroker, and economist and published several papers in international media journals. He was the co-author behind the Sabah Government’s vision for development and progress in the Sabah Development Corridor and created the first Offshore Islamic Fund in Labuan. He also held the position of Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems at the University Malaysia Sabah.  He was the Co-Founder of the United Borneo Front (UBF) and a passionate activist to abolish the Cabotage Policy.  He is also the Secretary General of a newly formed political party in Sabah.


About sifusiber
A husband & a father who wants his children to have a better future

2 Responses to The reason UMNO is Rejected by Sarawakians Part IV

  1. jamesjubang says:

    When was Tunku Abdul Rahman’s televised news conference to announce Malaysia “to part ways with Singapore”? Was it before Singapore declared its own secession?

  2. Pingback: Proxy Politics in Malaysia, How it affects Sabah and Sarawak | Knowledge is Empowerment

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